Patient Education

Visiting your Dentist

Maintaining good oral health is an essential health priority for daily life. Prevention is far better than cure, so visiting your dentist regularly should be an important part of your health routine.

Recall examination includes oral hygiene maintenance. The recall interval varies according to individual needs but ranges from 3 to 12 months. If the interval between examinations extend beyond two years, then it is likely that a comprehensive examination will be recommended.

Tooth wear and acid erosion

Acid erosion, also known as dental erosion, is the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to chemical dissolution by acids not of bacterial origin. Dental erosion is the most common chronic disease of children ages 5–17, although it is only relatively recently that it has been recognised as a dental health problem. There is generally widespread ignorance of the damaging effects of acid erosion; this is particularly the case with erosion due to fruit juices, because they tend to be seen as healthy. Erosion is found initially in the enamel and, if unchecked, may proceed to the underlying dentin.

 

The most common cause of erosion is by acidic foods and drinks. In general, foods and drinks with a pH below 5.0–5.7 have been known to trigger dental erosion effects. Numerous clinical and laboratory reports link erosion to excessive consumption of drinks. Those thought to pose a risk are soft drinks and fruit drinks, fruit juices such as orange juice (which contains citric acid) and carbonated drinks such as colas (in which the carbonic acid is not the cause of erosion, but citric and phosphoric acid). Additionally, wine has been shown to erode teeth, with the pH of wine as low as 3.0–3.8. Other possible sources of erosive acids are from exposure to chlorinated swimming pool water, and regurgitation of gastric acids.

Sugar intake

Saliva

Saliva is a watery substance located in the mouths of organisms, secreted by the salivary glands. Human saliva is 99.5% water, while the other 0.5% consists of electrolytes, mucus, glycoproteins, enzymes, and antibacterial compounds.

Plaque

Dental plaque is a biofilm, usually a pale yellow, that develops naturally on the teeth. Like any biofilm, dental plaque is formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to the tooth’s smooth surface.

Tooth Brushes

Electric toothbrushes with an oscillating head have been shown to be more effective in removal of plaque and food debris. If a normal tooth brush to be used its always recommended to use a soft or Extra soft tooth brush.

Flossing

To receive maximum benefits from flossing, use the following proper technique: